Cancer & Oncology

Cancer & Oncology

Cancer is a disease that occurs when cells in the body grow abnormally uncontrolled way. There are over 100 different types of cancer.

Bowen Icon Cancer Centre treats the full breadth of adult cancers and blood disorders, providing care every step of the way.

What is cancer?

The human body comprises billions of cells, which in a healthy body usually turn over slowly, in an organized way. Cancer is the term we use for a disease that occurs when these cells grow in an abnormal and uncontrolled way.

Cancer may also affect blood cells, causing leukemia, lymphoma, or myeloma. These blood cancers also cause normal blood cell production to be reduced due to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal (malignant) cells in the bone marrow.

Over time, the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells usually becomes too much for the body to cope with or will spread to a part of the body that is essential for life. Consult Leading Oncologists & Onco Surgeons in Hyderabad.

What is oncology?

Oncology is the branch of medicine that focuses on cancer diagnosis, treatment, and research. This includes medical oncology, radiation oncology, hematology, and surgical oncology.

What is an oncologist?

An oncologist is a doctor that specializes in treating cancer. Oncologists support patients from diagnosis through treatment and into survivorship as part of a multidisciplinary team. While some oncologists specialize in certain types of cancer (e.g., breast cancer), others treat a wide range of cancer types. Oncologists also conduct research into cancer to improve our understanding of the disease and its treatment.

Types of oncologists

There are four main types of oncologists:

  • Hematologists
    Doctors who specialize in treating cancers affecting the blood/bone marrow (e.g., leukemia) and lymphatic system (i.e., lymphoma), and often perform bone marrow transplants
  • Medical oncologists
    Doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating solid tumors (e.g. cancerous tumors in the lung, breast, or bowel) with the use of chemotherapy drugs, immunotherapy, and hormone therapies
  • Radiation oncologists
    Doctors who specialize in treating cancer using radiation therapy
  • Surgical oncologists
    Doctors who specialize in removing cancerous tissue through surgery and cancer treatments

Cancer treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapies
  • Immunotherapy
  • Surgery

It is normal to feel overwhelmed if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer. Sometimes it can be difficult to remember all the details or time-consuming and stressful to find the additional information you’re looking for. Consult Leading Oncologists & Onco Surgeons In Hyderabad.